Uttarakhand also known as Uttaranchal is a state located in northern India. Uttarakhand borders Tibet to the north, Nepal to the east, and the states of Himachal Pradesh and Utter Pradesh in the west and south respectively. Uttarakhand name of the state that was formed from the hill districts of Uttar Pradesh, India. In North Country, the Uttarakhand name mention in the Hindu scriptures as the combined region of Kedarkhand and Manaskhand. Uttarakhand was also the ancient Puranic term for the central stretch of the Indian Himalayas. Its peaks and valleys were well known in ancient times as the abode of gods and goddesses and source of the Ganga River. Today, it is often called “the Land of the Gods” because of the presence of a multitude of Hindu pilgrimage spots. The region was originally settled by Kols, an aboriginal people of the Dravidian physical type who were later joined by Indo-Aryan Khas tribes that arrived from the northwest by the Vedic period.
The term Uttarakhand , meaning “northern tract” or “higher tract,” refers to the Himalayan districts of Uttar Pradesh, between the state of Himachal Pradesh to the west and Nepal to the east. It contains the eight districts of the Kumaon and Garhwal divisions. The main local languages are Kumaoni, Garhwali, and Pahari a language of the Indo-Aryan family. The language of the elite, business, and administration is Hindi.
Geography: Uttarakhand covered total geographic area of 51,125 km², of which 93% is mountainous and 64% is covered by forest and the average elevation of 1,826 meters. Most of the northern parts of the state are part of Greater Himalaya ranges, covered by the high Himalayan peaks and glaciers, while the lower foothills were densely forested till denuded by the British log merchants and later, after independence, by forest contractors. Recent efforts in reforestation.