Tamil Nadu, the heart of the Dravidian culture and tradition, is among the most satisfying spectacles in India. Sharing boundaries with the states of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, and Kerala, Tamil Nadu has an unbroken coast line, edging the Bay of Bengal. The history of Tamil Nadu is very old and it is believed that human endeavor to inhabit this area began as early as 300, 000 years ago. It is also suggested that the first Dravidians of Tamil country were part of the early Indus Valley settlers and moved south during the advent of Aryans around 1500 BC. However, the recorded history goes back only to the 4th century BC. There are references in the early Sangham literature to the social, economic and cultural life of people. The proximity to the sea established the Tamil Country on the maritime map of the world even before the dawn of Christian era.
The Tamils were bonded through trade links with ancient Egypt, Greece and Rome. Prior to the Christian era, the Cheras, Cholas and Pandias ruled Tamil Country. This was the golden period of Tamil literature, the Sangham Age that shadowed three centuries after Christ. The domains of these three dynasties changed many times over the centuries. It is speculated that the early Dravidians were part of the Indus Valley Civilization. However, with the coming of the Aryans, the Dravidians were pushed back into the Deep South where they ultimately settled around 1500 BC. Excavations have revealed that the features of the people of the Indus Valley Civilization bore a marked resemblance to that of this region. Tamil Nadu was carved from the old Madras State in the 1950s, when India re-drew some state lines according to language. State politics continue to have a lot to do with protecting and celebrating the Tamil (and Dravidian in general) language and culture. Tamil is the official language of Tamil Nadu (as well as one of the official languages of India).
Elliot Beach is located in the southern most tip of the Indian Peninsula bordered by Kerala to the west, Karnataka to the northwest, Andhra Pradesh to the north and Bay of Bengal to the east. The total area covered by the state is 130058 Sq. Kms of which 22933.79 Sq. Kms is under forests. The state has been divided into 5 major physiographic divisions – the Kurinji or mountainous region, the Mullai or forest region, the Palai or arid region, the Marudham or the fertile plains and the Neidhal or coastal region. The Eastern and Western Ghats meet in this state and run along its eastern and western borders. Tamil Nadu extends from the Coromandel Coast in the east to the forested Western Ghats in the west. The state is also the site of ancient Cholamandalam where the Chola kings built magnificent temples at Thanjavur and at other places. You will be amazed to see the temples at Madurai and Chidambaram which witnessed an efflorescence of dance, music and literature in Tamil Nadu.
The main places of tourist interest in the state are Chennai- the beautiful capital city, Mahabalipuram – the beach resort, Kanchipuram – the land of 1000 temples, Madurai – famous for the Meenakshi temple, Rameswaram, Tiruchirapalli and Thanjavur – the temple trio, the charming hill resorts of Yercaud, Ootacamund & Kodaikanal and Kanyakumari, the southern tip of India, renowned for its sunrise and sunset.
How to reach Tamilnadu
By Air: The State has an International Airport near Chennai, which serves as the most convenient entry point for Tamil Nadu. International airlines from countries like Sri Lanka, Dubai, Germany, Jakarta, Malaysia, England, Maldives, Saudi Arabia, and Singapore operate regular flights to connect Chennai.
By Rail: The main Railway Station in Tamil Nadu is in Chennai. Many important trains connect Chennai to major Railway Stations in the country.
By Road: An extensive network of roadways covers the state. A number of national highways and state highways literally crisscross the land. Most of the major cities like: Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai, Bangalore are linked by road to Chennai and other important cities in the state.