Rajasthan was inhabited long before 2500 BC and the Indus Valley Civilization had its foundation here in north Rajasthan itself. The Bhil and the Mina tribes were the earliest dwellers of this area. Around 1400 BC the Aryans paid a visit and settled forever in the area. Later Afghans, Turks, Persians and Mughals ruled over Rajasthan. This blending gave the martial lineage to the Rajputs. During the British rule this part of the land was known as Rajputana i.e. the land of the Rajputs.
There were many heroes among Rajputs, such as Prithviraj Chauhan and Rana Pratap of Mewar.With their power they lasted as long as they could. With the passage of time they were divided into 36 royal clans. After the 14th century their influence declined in the area.
Then came the Mughals who gained control of the region through the clever strategy of Akbar, the Mughal Emperor. He performed matrimonial alliances with the Rajputs. He also gave high offices to many Rajput princes after seeking reconciliation through marriage to a Rajput princess, Jodha Bai, the daughter of the Maharaja of Amber. When India became independent 23 princely states were combined to form the State of Rajasthan or the abode of rajas and now has become the foremost destination in India.
Rajasthan is the largest state in India (area wise). it is a region of rocks, sand dunes, fertile plains and deep wild jungles. It is spread over343, 000 Sq. Km. The plains here are level and flat, with rich alluvial loam. As we move from northwest towards the southeast the land is more fertile. It has hills, woodlands, a number of large rivers fertile plateaus and so on. The southwest Rajasthan consists of arid high plateau, broken by hills and cliffs. The main crops of Rajasthan are wheat, maize, paddy and sugarcane. The fields are irrigated through irrigation dams or deep wells. There also some forest where we can find tiger, wild boar, panther, panther, and deer and so on.
Rajasthan is the jewel of the desert. It is the land of sparkling images, once seen never forgotten.
Rajasthan is a panorama of tourism. Whether it is the sand dunes or the massive forts and palaces, there is no other place like Rajasthan. For a traveler who is interested in the history, culture and the lifestyle of the people of the Oriental world, Rajasthan is just the perfect tourist destination. Rajasthan Tourism offers a great variety of travel experiences. Whether it is sand dunes, wild life tours, Desert safari, forts and palaces, the colorful tribal life or the fairs and festivals of Rajasthan, travellers to Rajasthan are assured of a truly regal experience. Once known as the ‘Land of the Kings’, the state still retains the glory and richness of those times with its marvelous monuments, colorful traditions and customs.
Travel Circuits of Rajasthan
The famous tourist spots such as the magnificent Ajmer palace, the old capital of Jaipur. A fascinating blend of Rajput and Mughal architecture, the red sandstone and white marble palace has some very interesting apartments , the likes of which are not to be found anywhere in the country. The lake city Udaipur is famous for its beautiful palaces along the lakes. Jodhpur is situated at the edge of the Thar Desert with Jaisalmer on its west, Barmar, Jalor and Pali on its south, Bikaner on its north, and Nagaur on the eastern side and Nagaur on the eastern side. The city is like an oasis in the vast desert, with a variety of thorny shrubs all over the area. Main places to visit are: Umaid Bhawan Palace, Mehrangarh Fort and Jaswant Thada.
Rajasthan Adventure Tourism
When in Rajasthan one cannot miss to go for Camel Safaris which is a great fun and can be experienced only here. Other Safaris which can be taken include Bicycle Safari, Jeep Safari and also Elephant Safari.
Rajasthan is also called the Shopper’s destination, an ideal place to shop items like handicrafts, jewellery, textile, miniature paintings etc. Besides one can see places like Hawa Mahal, forts & palaces, bird sanctuaries, folk music and art etc.
Rajasthan Folk Music and Dances
Rajasthan Folk Music & DancesIn the realm of the folkways dance and music rule supreme and one cannot think of Rajasthan without this important element of its folk life. A large variety of musical instruments is used in the countryside.
The mixture and brilliance of Rajasthan’s architectural heritage can amaze a visitor. Majestic forts, intricately carved temples and havelis (meaning mansion) and even step well make Rajasthan a paradise for an architecture buff.
Land of Princes, as Rajasthan is called, shows off, many a fine dishes both within the palaces and outside. The royal kitchens of Rajasthan, the preparation of food was a very complex matter and was raised to the levels of an art form.
Wildlife in Rajasthan
Ranthambore Wildlife Sanctuary: – Ranthambhore, in the state of Rajasthan, is one of the smallest Project Tiger reserves. It’s name comes from the vast fort that stands in the middle of the forest. The name Ranthambore is derived from two hills in the area, Ran and Thanbhor. Another version says that Ranthambhore was once called Rana Stambhapura or City of the Pillars of War!
So be ready to enjoy the burning sand in summers, beautiful palaces, and colorful dresses and mind blowing cuisines. That is what Rajasthan is all about living those older times.
How to reach Rajasthan
By Air: The State has 3 major airports in it, namely: Jaipur, Udaipur and Jodhpur. Most major public and private airlines operate regular flights to these places connecting them to major cities like Delhi, Mumbai. If you plan to enter Rajasthan from Delhi, Jaipur is the most convenient entry point, while Udaipur is the best choice from Mumbai.
By Rail: Rajasthan has a good Railway network also. Major Railway Stations are in Jaipur, Jodhpur, Ajmer, Udaipur, which are in turn linked to important Indian cities.
By Road: One can reach Rajasthan by Road very easily since network of National Highways and State Highways roads covers the state extensively. From Delhi, Jaipur is only 5 hours drive along the panoramic roadways. So most of the tourists prefer travel to Rajasthan by road.