Maharashtra is India’s third largest and also one of the richest state located in western India with population 9.4%. The name ‘Maharashtra’ first appeared in 7th century in the account of a Chinese traveler, Hiuen-Tsang. At that stage Maharashtra was full of builders and drivers of chariots who formed a ‘maharathis’ (fighting force).
In the 17th Century, the Marathas rose under the leadership of Shivaji Raje Bhosale against the Mughals who were ruling a large part of India. The Maratha Empire wanted to cover most of northern India and existed for more than a century. After the third Anglo-Maratha war, the empire ruined and most of Maharashtra came under the British Raj. After the independence of India, ‘The first state reorganization committee’ created the current Maharashtra state on May 1, 1960 known as Maharashtra Day. Mumbai, the capital of Maharashtra is largest prime centre of culture and economy. It offers colourful culture, forts, mountains, temples, beautiful landscape, beaches and rocking scenes. It is one of the most attractive tourist destinations of India.
Maharashtra is located on the western sea coastline of India. It is surrounded by Goa and Karnataka states in south, Andhra Pradesh in southeast, Gujarat, Dadra and Nagar Haveli, and Madhya Pradesh in north, Chhattisgarh in east, and the Arabian Sea in the west. Maharashtra is the third-largest state of India, both in area and population. Its coastline is 330 miles long along the Arabian Sea. Rice is the dominant crop of the state, but cashews, mangoes, vegetable cotton, oil seeds, and tobacco are also famous.
Maharashtra is one of the most wonderful states in India. Its uniqueness lies in the natural and Marathi cultural diversities. Monuments such as Ajanta Ellora caves, Gateway of India, Elephanta Caves provides great architectural structure to Maharashtra. Its wildlife, lifestyle, culture, language, wonderful monuments make it great travel destination.