Madhya Pradesh often called the Heart of India, is the largest state in central India. Its capital is Bhopal. It is a remarkable combination of spellbinding history, scenic natural beauty and strategic urban planning. It borders the states Uttar Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Maharashtra, Gujarat and Rajasthan. The state has an area of 308,252 km². Madhya Pradesh is located inthe geographic heart of India. The state is separated across the Naraada Raver, which runs east and west between the Vindhya and Satpura ranges; these ranges and the Narmada are the traditional boundary between the north and south of India. The state is bordered on the west by Gujarat, on the northwest by Rajasthan, on the northeast by Uttar Pradesh, on the east by Chhattisgarh and on the south by Maharashtra. It is believed that Lord Rama bequeathed the fort to his brother Laxmana, hence the name Bandhavgarh which means brother’s fort. The city of Ujjain is a major centre in the second wave of Indian urbanization in the sixth century. King Ashoka’s wife was said to come from Vidisha – a town north of today’s Bhopal. The Maurya empire went into decline after the death of Asoka, and Central India was contested among the Sakas, Kushanas and local dynasties during the 3rd to 1st centuries BCE. It was also an important Hindu and Buddhist centre.
Geography: Geographically Madhya Pradesh located at a latitude of 23° 30′ N and longitude of 80° 00′ E.
Tourism: Madhya Pradesh is a state located in the central part of India and This state has diverse topographical features that range from undulating hill ranges to swift rivers. There are also several heritage sites having historical monuments revealing the rich past. Thus, there are many tourist attractions in Madhya Pradesh dotted all over the towns and demand a visit by the tourists. The prominent tourist destinations of Madhya Pradesh are
Gwalior Fort: Gwalior fort is situated in Gwalior in Madhya Pradesh. It is built on a huge single isolated rock. There are many remarkable temples within the fort. For more than 100 years this amazing fort has been looking over the city of Gwalior. this is one of the greatest forts in India. It is built on a hill of sandstone and towers 100 meters from the plain surface. The outer wall of the fort is almost 2.4 kms in length and the width varies from one km’s to 200 meters. The walls of the fort give way onto the steep slopes of the huge sand rock. This fort has been home to many battles in the ancient times as well as festivals in the times of peace. It was here that Tantiya Tope and Rani of Jhansi fought for their freedom from the British. Rani of Jhansi even gave her life in attempt to save the fort from an assault by the British to capture it. This fort has seen the most of the bloodiest battles from all the times.
Man Singh Palace: Mansingh palace is housed within the Gwalior fort spreads out over an area of 3kms. Man Singh Palace, Gwalior is one of the classic works of art in the Gwalior Fort. It was built in the 15th century by Raja Man Singh. It has got a historical significance because it was the place where Aurangzeb imprisoned and killed his brother Murad. It also has the infamous Jauhar Kund where the women of the harem burnt themselves to death after the King of Gwalior was killed in 1232. Man Singh Palace is regarded as one of the best tourist attractions because of its aura. It is a delightful whimsical building and is also known as the Painted Palace or the Chit Mandir. The Palace has got this name because of the painted and tiled decoration of elephants, peacocks and ducks. Painted Blue with hints of green and gold they look really captivating.
Khajuraho: is also known as “The land of moon god”. Khajuraho is a famous village in Madhya Pradesh, located in Chhatarpur District, about 385 miles southeast of Delhi, the capital city of India. It is one of the most popular tourist destinations in India. The temples of Khajuraho are one of India’s major attraction, there are various medieval Hindu and Jain temples, famous for their erotic sculpture. The name Khajuraho is derived from the Hindi word khajur, it means date palm.
Ram Ghat: The city is situated on the eastern bank of the Kshipra River. Ram Ghat is the oldest bathing ghat in Ujjain and has been used for that purpose for as long as the Kumbh Mela has been held. Kumbh Mela is held in every 12 years at Ujjain. Ram Ghat is the most ancient bathing ghat in connection to the Kumbh celebrations. During the Kumbh Mela lakhs of merit-seekers flock the city from each and every corner of the world and from all over.
Moti Masjid: The Moti Masjid was built by Qudsia Begum’s daughter Sikander Jahan in the year 1860 A.D. It looks like same in style to the Jama Masjid of Delhi. The two dark red minarets covered by golden spikes add to the grandeur of this beautiful masjid.
Lalbagh Palace: This is the other palace of importance built by the Holkers. The palace is an elegant structure and is still used for important functions and ceremonies. The sprawling gardens of the palace and the interiors make it an important landmark in Indore.
Pandav Caves Panchmarhi: The Pandav Caves are one of the most important and significant among the monuments and museums in Panchmarhi. The Pandav Caves are yet another instance of folklore and myth triumphing over scientific findings. The Pandav connection definitely places Panchmarhi on a plain higher than other places around and denying that connection would mean robbing the place of its assumed glory and therefore are being continuously and carefully nurtured over the generations.
How to reach Madhya Pradesh
By Air: A number of airports are located within the state. Gwalior, Khajuraho, Indore, Jabalpur including capital Bhopal, the state are major airports in Madhya Pradesh. All public and private airlines operate regular flights to these airports.
By Rail: Bhopal is the main railway station, all major tourist spots are also well served by important trains connecting it to the rest of the country.
By Road: A strategic network of National Highways and State Highways interlink the cities of Madhya Pradesh to the other cities of India. The tourist destinations within the state located at convenient distance from Bhopal.