Haryana

Haryana

Vedas are the primary texts of Hinduism. The 5000 year old history of the ancient scriptures or revelations of Hindus are compiled by the Indian saints (Rishis). Haryana is one the most important and favorite place for them because of its glorious and most living religion history. That is why it is considered as a birthplace of ancient Indian Vedic Civilization. It is the place where Lord Krishna taught us the importance and role of Karma and Dharma in our life through Bhagwad Gita. Here Hindu’s great Rishi Ved Vyas wrote Mahabharat in Sanskrit on the banks of river Sarswati. So, it was the home of the legendary Bharata dynasty, which gave India its Hindi name, Bharat. Mahabharata records the epic battle between the Kauravas and Pandavas which took place at city Kurukshetra of Haryana. Recent archeological excavation in Kunal and Banawali, are adding more to our knowledge of Haryana’s history. In the 3rd century BC, the area was incorporated into the Mauryan Empire. It later became an important power base for the Mughals, the battle of Panipat in 1526 established Mughal rule in India. The area was ceded to British in 1803. In 1832 it was transferred to the then North-Western Provinces. In 1966, with the passage of the Punjab Re-organization Act, Haryana became India’s 17th state.

Geography

It is the 16th largest state in area and population. It can be divided into two natural areas sub-himalayan Terai and Indo-Gangetic plain. The plain is fertile and slopes from north to south with a height above the sea level, averaging between 700 and 900 ft. South-west of Haryana is dry, sandy and barren. Haryana has no perennial river. The only river which flows through Haryana is the Ghaggar, which passes through northern fringes of the state. So this state has a very fertile land and is called as the Green Land of India. Haryana was carved out of the Indian state of Punjab on 1st November 1966. The state has boundaries with Uttar Pradesh on its eastern border, Punjab on its western border, Himachal Pradesh, Shivalik Hills, it’s northern border are DelhI, Rajasthan, Aravali Hills.

How to reach Haryana

By Air: The main airport of the state is in its capital Chandigarh. Which is well connected with the cities of North India. Some parts of Haryana is also very close to the Indira Gandhi International Airport in Delhi which also provides an easy access to the state.

By Rail: The main railway station is Chandigarh. Apart from that, Delhi has four Railway Stations, which are within approachable distance from any part of Haryana.

By Road: Haryana can boast off an excellent road neTwork to and from the state. Some parts of the state are within the NatiOnal Capital Region and are at a short driving distance from Delhi. A good network of National Highways and State Highways also serves other parts of the state.

Location: North India

Climate:
Summer 47 (max)
Winter 5 (min)

Best time to visit: October to March