Goa is most beautiful tourist place of India, especially it is known for its world-class beaches, churches, wildlife centuries and many other attractions. The East-West symbiosis of Goa makes it different from other parts of India, more than the historical and social niche was brought into focus when it was liberated of Portugal from its oppressive rule of around 450 years in 1961. Goa was captured and annexed to the Portuguese in 1510 following the urges of trade and demand of spices and also cottons and indigo. But, Goa has a history that starts much before Portugal even thought of Goa being where it is. The first kingdom to rule Goa and Konkan were Bhojas, who were the feudatories of Ashoka in 4th and 5th centuries AD. From the 14th century onwards, Goa became a great trading centre on the west coast, especially in the vast trade of horses imported from the Middle East. Portuguese also built great churches like the church of St. Cajetan and Basilica of Bom Jesus in Old Goa, which is a pilgrimage site for the Christians from around the world. But it is also true that pre-1961; Goa was a highly impoverished region, very backward and primitive. Portugal and India are today friends and Goa continues to be a fascinating blend of Latin and Oriental Tourist comes here from the different parts of the world. Goa is very attractive place to visit; this beautiful place is situated on the western coast of India. Beaches of Goa are much ahead of other beaches in India in terms of popularity and the facilities that are available here. To add on you can shake your legs for some time with a glass of fenny and beer, engaged in shopping on the beachside, or have midnight bonfire on the beach. For most of the people heading towards Goa, it is one long beach. Goa is a state though a small one and there is a large number of famous beaches, many towns and a good network of roads. It is a state of seven rivers and its estuaries; there are hills with lush green vegetation. These beaches refurbish themselves every new season and enhance the excitement of visitors who are never tired of appreciating Goa.
Western coast of the Indian Peninsula beside the Arabian Sea.
Konkani, Hindi, English
Winter 3 to 4 °C
Best time to visit:
during the winter months
How to reach Goa
By Air: Dabolim is the main entry point for Goa situated at a distance of around 29 km from Panaji on the coast near Vasco Da Gama. Most domestic airlines operate in Goa apart from chartered private airlines operating from UK and Germany. Indian Airlines has direct flights from Delhi and Mumbai daily. Air India also flies to Goa.
By Rail: It is not difficult to reach Goa by trains, especially after opening of the Konkan Railway that connects Margao and Vasco da Gama to major cities in India. You can take trains from Delhi 1,874 km), Mumbai (490km), and Bangalore (430 km) to reach Goa comfortably. From the railway stations, you can hire taxis and motorcycle taxis to reach the desired destinations.
By Road: Goa, Maharashtra, and Karnataka state transport corporations operate from the Kadamba bus stand at Panaji. Frank Shipping operates a boat service between Mumbai and Panaji. Moving around in Goa is quite easy. One can find bus as well as car rental services. A unique experience is that of the motorcycle taxi. Several ferry services are also available.